Literature review on autism

Kanner described only the autistic children referred to his clinic and, later on, those attending a particular special school Kanner, Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, The methods of screening the eligible populations in the epidemiological studies are shown in Table 3.

In contrast, other scholars predict that there are many difficulties associated with the process of examining parental stress after a child has been diagnosed with autism. Survival estimates of severely disabled children [Letter].

Autism Literature Review – How To Compose The Review In 3 Simple Steps?

However, they reported lower levels of closeness and intimacy than siblings of children with Down syndrome ; siblings of individuals with ASD have greater risk of negative well-being and poorer sibling relationships as adults.

Evidence of CNS dysfunction is defined in different ways by different authors. How to begin your research? Lotter's definitions were used in the studies in Camberwell and Aarhus. Computing exact excess death rates and mortality ratios from a mortality study with limited information on the age distribution.

Simon Baron-Cohen 's empathizing—systemizing theory postulates that autistic individuals can systemize—that is, they can develop internal rules of operation to handle events inside the brain—but are less effective at empathizing by handling events generated by other agents.

This trend is not shown in the Table 5 because the figures include children of immigrant parents. Int J Hematol, Clue for cancer protecting genes on chromosome A fifty year investigation.

Comparative mortality of people with mental retardation in institutions and the community. Comparison of the methods and results gives no clear evidence for or against the hypothesis that there are real differences in place or time or both.

The increase occurred after the introduction of broader, more-precise diagnostic criteria, increased service availability, and increased awareness of autism.

Literature review of autism

Higher percentages of children with conditions suggesting physical brain dysfunction might have been associated witil the inclusion of more of the severely mentally retarded cihIdren and hence more girls but no relationsilip was found with the prevalence rates or the male: Itard's reports by Lane, Individuals with ASD have: Noted autistic Temple Grandin described her inability to understand the social communication of neurotypicalsor people with normal neural developmentas leaving her feeling "like an anthropologist on Mars".

Life expectancy after spinal cord injury: Eight studies gave rates for a sub-group of 'typical' autism varying from 1. Listening and empathy are good, results are better.

Mobility, continence, and life expectancy in persons with ASIA impairment scale grade D spinal cord injuries. It seems to be most prominent in brain areas underlying the development of higher cognitive specialization. In addition, it can also prevent such families from participating in such non-routine activities as holiday activities, birthday parties, and community outings Manning et al,p.

Etiology of autism spectrum disorders: Genes, environment, or both?

A retrospective cohort study. Follow-up on a previously reported cohort. Final identification of autistic children.

Literature Reviews on Autism

Neither category is satisfactory on its own; social cognition theories poorly address autism's rigid and repetitive behaviors, while the nonsocial theories have difficulty explaining social impairment and communication difficulties. Revue Francaise de Psychiatrie, 7, Only after you have compiled your literature review will you be able to take your research forward.

For the full chapter: Providing social support, well-being and optimism to mothers of children with ASD Parents of children with ASD encounter many challenges, such as when seeking for a diagnosis, searching for suitable educational programs and treatment, and having to cope with the financial burden that comes with the disorder.

Thus the possible total prevalence of those of any level of intelligence with the triad of social impairment, referred to as the 'autistic continuum' or, perhaps more appropriately, the 'autistic spectrum' may be as much as 47 per 10,Autism and Special Education Policy in Mexico John P.

Reviews of Assistive and Adaptive Technology for People on the Autism Spectrum

Tuman, Danielle Roth-Johnson, Dana Lee Baker, and Jennifer Vecchio In recent years, a great deal of scholarship has examined the adequacy of. European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Vol.2, Issue 2, Aprilpp Hogrete & Huber Publishers The Definition and Prevalence of Autism: A Review.

Autistic Authors, and Autistics and Autism in Literature: A Commentary [Thomas D.

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Taylor, Elyse Bruce] on agronumericus.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Emerging trends suggest that autism is being portrayed in literature less as a diagnosis, and more as a minority lifestyle. Sometimes it is even portrayed as a culture.

Autistic factional politics are having a significant effect on autism. PART TWO: REVIEW OF THE RESEARCH ON INTERVENTIONS Introduction 31 Format for the analysis of the research 32 5 Interactive approaches This section on autism discusses the many theories of the causes of autism spectrum disorders in light of recent research.

Written by Dr. Lewis Mehl-Madrona as part of a comprehensive site on children with brain injury, developmental disorders and related neurometabolic conditions. Autism is a developmental disorder characterized by troubles with social interaction and communication, and by restricted and repetitive behavior.

Parents usually notice signs during the first two or three years of their child's life. These signs often develop gradually, though some children with autism reach their developmental milestones at a normal pace before worsening.

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Literature review on autism
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