At that location, the distance from the Gulf of Issus to the surrounding mountains is only 2. Some historians say Alexander merely drew out the dowel peg that ran through the shaft and yoke, thus releasing the thongs; others say the incident never happened at all. Alexander then saw his left flank and center in trouble, and allowing Darius to flee, he crashed into the rear of the Greek mercenaries.
The historian, Ptolemy, who rode beside Alexander, recorded that in their pursuit they passed by a ravine, which was filled to the top with the dead bodies of the enemies. Background Movements to the battlefield. The historian, Ptolemy, who rode beside Alexander, recorded that in their pursuit they passed by a ravine, which was filled to the top with the dead bodies of the enemies.
However, this time he was wrong. Alexander kept his main army at Tarsus but sent Parmenion ahead to occupy the coast around Issus. Now Darius found out he had placed his army behind the Hellenic League and had cut their supply lines. Arrian gives an inflated figure of 20, to these troops.
He moved slowly and precisely as if he had all the time in the world while waiting for his army to conduct a strike in the distance. Some horsemen and archers made a quick sally into the foothills on the right, and the Persian cavalry screen promptly withdrew.
To his left was the sparkling blue Mediterranean. Beyond is the Mediterranean Sea and the island of Cyprus. Had Darius and his troop remained in their original position and not pressed forward, he may have won the battle.
Initial Positions of Forces.
Nabarzanes, looking to his rear, saw the Persian line had disintegrated. The phalanxes had been advancing in column. While Philip was still reading, Alexander surprised him by picking up the medicine and gulping it down. Alexander began the battle, using the oblique formation, by charging with his heavy cavalry over the Pinarus and attacking the left wing of the enemy.
In history, the Battle of Issus has gone down as one of the most pivotal battles to occur. Alexander then moved his men to the center to prevent the Persians from breaking through the line.
Late in the afternoon, just beyond the Pillars of Jonah, the Macedonians and their allies made camp, ate a hot meal, and saw to their weapons.
A front of Macedonian warriors in the centre pushes against the crumbling enemy force, who flee the battlefield on the far left. He sent another 20, Persians to corner Alexander on the rear.
Amid a tremendous din, forcing their way through the bodies of dying horses and men, the Companions drove forward against the mercenaries, who now had to fight in two directions. Alexander felt sure these ill-trained irregulars could never stand up to the Macedonian phalanxes.
Be that as it may, in the story of any battle, an act of chivalry and compassion stands out in shining contrast!
Darius decided to rest his troops at the Pinarus river during his pursuit of Alexander. The Pinarus had steep banks in its upper and middle course. Combatants Persian army Some ancient sources Arrian and Plutarchwho based their accounts on earlier Greek sources, estimated Persian soldiers in total, while Diodorus and Justin estimatedand Curtius Rufus estimatedThat the Persian army was up to twice the size of the Macedonian army is not clear, and the relative positioning of the soldiers as reported by ancient sources has been disregarded.
Now, at Gordium in BC, Alexander could look back on a year of solid triumph. Darius knew that Parmenion held the Pass of Jonah and thus chose a northern route of advance.The Battle of Issus occurred in southern Anatolia, on November 5, BC between the Hellenic League led by Alexander the Great and the Achaemenid Empire, led by Darius III, in the second great battle of Alexander's conquest of Asia.
The invading Macedonian troops defeated Persia. In BC, as Macedonian forces bivouacked at Gordium in Asia Minor, they were led by a confident, aggressive 23 year-old warrior-king who would become known to history as Alexander the Great.
Three years earlier, upon the murder of his father, Philip II of Macedon, Alexander had inherited an army. The battle transpired near the village of Issus wherein Alexander defeated the Persian Army thereby causing Darius III to flee the battlefield. In history, the Battle of Issus has gone down as one of the most pivotal battles to occur.
Battle of Issus. Darius III portrayed (in the middle) in battle against Alexander in a Greek depiction. The two forces met at the Granicus River, and leading his troops into battle, he smashed the Persian defenses What was the impact of Alexander's victory at Granicus on Persia The Persian King Darius was frightened by this victory and vowing to crush the invaders.
The Battle of Issus (5th November, BCE) was Alexander the Great's second battle against the Persian army and the first direct engagement with King Darius III, near the village of Issus in southern modern-day Turkey.
The Battle of Alexander at Issus (German: Alexanderschlacht) is a oil painting by the German artist Albrecht Altdorfer (c. –), a pioneer of landscape art and a founding member of the Danube school. It portrays the BC Battle of Issus, in which Alexander the Great secured a Location: Alte Pinakothek, Munich, Germany.Download